Learning Assessment

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Reflection
  • Gibbs'reflective cycle. Gibbs' (1988) reflective cycle, one of the most well-known models, guides learners through 6 stages to achieve critical reflection. (University of Edinburgh).
  • What? So what? Now what? Driscoll (1994) developed this simple model to guide learners through the 3 stages of reflection. (University of Edinburgh).
  • The REFLECT rubric for grading reflective writing. Wald and colleagues (2012) at Brown University developed this rubric to assess medical students' reflective writing. (PDF; Academic Medicine).
  • Reflective ability rubric and user guide. O'Sullivan and colleagues (2010) at UCSF developed this rubric to assess medical students' reflective writing. (MedEdPORTAL).
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